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Sysquake Pro – Table of Contents

Sysquake – Table of Contents

Sysquake for LaTeX – Table of Contents

LME Markup

Like most text-based programming languages, LME primary text format is plain text, without any character or paragraph formatting. To improve readability, it also supports formatted text. Formatting information used to change the character font and size and how paragraphs are aligned is embedded in the text itself as markup, i.e. special sequences of characters unlikely to occur in normal text. This is similar to HTML or LaTeX, but with a simpler syntax similar to what is used in wikis and blogs. The markup which has been chosen for LME is Creole, a collaborative effort to create a common markup language to be used across different wikis, and more precisely the open-source NME implementation.

Formatted text output channel

In addition to the standard output channel (file descriptor 1) and the standard error channel (file descriptor 2), LME has a special channel for formatted output (file descriptor 4). Anything written to that channel is parsed so that markup constructs are interpreted; the result is displayed in the command window. Each write command should contain a whole block of text with markup; there is no buffering across output commands.

Not all versions of LME support formatted output, and how formatted output is displayed depends on the application and the platform. For instance, in shell applications, word-wrap is applied to paragraphs, but bold or italic text is rendered as plain text.

T = 27.3;
fprintf(4, '=Report=\nTemperature is %.1f\n', T);

The same markup is used in LME applications at other places. For example, in Sysquake, the version and help information can contain markup.

Markup reference

Text with markup is plain text with a few character sequences which are recognized by the markup processor and change the format of the result. The result is styled text with titles, paragraphs with justification, bold and italic faces, etc.

There are two kinds of markup constructs: blocks and inline. Blocks are paragraphs (indented or not), headings, list items, table cells, horizontal rules and block extensions. Inline constructs are character styles, verbatim text and links; they are part of blocks. Except in preformatted blocks, sequences of spaces or tabs are replaced with single spaces.


Paragraphs are made of lines whose first character is not one of *#:;= nor sequence {{{, ----, or <<<. Lines can begin with sequences ** and ##.

Paragraphs end with blank lines or next heading, list, table, indented paragraph, preformatted block of text, horizontal rule or block extension. They can contain styled text, links, spans of verbatim text, and inline extensions.

This is a paragraph
written in two lines.

This is another paragraph.


Indented paragraphs are paragraphs which begin with a colon. Multiple colons define the level of indenting. Indented paragraphs can contain styled text, links, spans of verbatim text, and inline extensions.

This is a normal paragraph.
:This is an indented
paragraph in two lines.
::This is more indented.


Headings are made of a single line beginning with an equal character. The number of equal characters defines the level of title, from main title (=) to sub-sub-subtitle (====). Headings may end with a sequence of equal characters.

=Level 1 heading=
=Another level 1 heading, without trailing equal character
==Level 2 heading==
===Level 3 heading===


Lists are collections of items. There are three kinds of lists: unnumbered lists, numbered lists, and definition lists. Lists can be nested; they end with the next heading, indented paragraph, table, or blank line.

Unnumbered lists are represented as indented paragraphs with a bullet. Each item begins with a star character (*); it can span multiple lines.

Numbered lists are represented as indented paragraphs with a number. Items are numbered automatically with consecutive integers starting at 1. Each item begins with a sharp character (#); it can span multiple lines.

Definition lists are made of two kinds of items: title, typically displayed in bold font, and definition, typically displayed indented. Titles begin with a semicolon at the beginning of a line. Definitions either follow the title, separated with a colon; or they begin on a new line beginning with a colon.

List nesting can combine different kinds of lists. Sublist items begin with multiple markers, the first one(s) corresponding to the enclosing list(s). For instance, items of an unnumbered list nested in a numbered list should start with #* at the beginning of the line, without any preceding space. List markers must be used in a consistent way; for example, ## at the beginning of a line in an unnumbered list is not interpreted as a second-level numbered list item, but as monospace style (see below).

* First item of unnumbered list.
* Second
item, in two lines.
*Third item without space (spaces are optional).

# First item of numbered list.
# Second item.
#* First item on unnumbered sublist.
#* Second item.
# Thirst item of top-level numbered list.

; First title of definition list
: Definition of first item.
; Second title: Second definition
beginning on the same line.

Paragraph separated with a blank line.


Tables are rectangular array of cells. They are made of one line per row. Each cell begins with character |. Heading cells (typically displayed in bold face) begin with |=. Rows may end with a trailing |.


In the table below, the first row and the first column contain headings. The very first cell is empty.

||=First column|=Second column
|=First row|Cell 1,1|Cell 1,2
|=Second row|Cell 2,1|Cell 2,2


Preformatted text is a block of text displayed literally, including line feeds. Preformatted text is preceded with a line containing {{{ and is followed by a line containing }}}.

This is some C code:
double f(double x)
  return 2 * x;  // f(x) = 2x

In preformatted text, lines which begin with }}}, with leading spaces or not, must have an additional space which is discarded in the output.

Horizontal rules

Horizontal rules are single lines containing four hyphens.

Paragraph following a horizontal rule.


Sequences << and <<< are reserved for extensions.

Character style

Inside paragraphs, indented paragraphs, headings, list elements, and table cells, the following two-character sequences toggle on or off the corresponding style. It is not mandatory to nest spans of styled characters between matching style sequences. Style is reset at the end of text block.

Markup Style
** Bold
// Italic
## Monospace
,, (two commas) Subscript
^^ Superscript
__ (two underscores) Underlined

Double stars and double sharps are interpreted as the beginning of list items when they are the first characters of a line in the context of lists. To be interpreted as style markup, they can be preceded by a space.

This is //italic text//, **bold text**,
and //**bold italic text**//.

Escape character

The tilde character, when followed by any character except space, tab or line feed, is an escape character; it is not displayed and the next character loses its special meaning, if any.

Two stars: ~*~* or ~** or *~*; tilde: ~~.

is rendered as "Two stars: ** or ** or **; tilde: ~."


Verbatim text is a sequence of characters enclosed between {{{ and }}}. After {{{, all characters are output verbatim, without any markup interpreting, until the next }}} or the end of text block. Multiple spaces and tabs and single line feeds are still converted to single spaces, though. Verbatim text is an alternative to the escape character; it is more convenient for sequences of characters.

{{{**}}} //{{{{{{xx}}}}}}//

is rendered as "** {{{xx}}}".

Line break

Except in preformatted blocks, line breaks are not preserved. The sequence \\ forces a line break.

The next line of this paragraph begins...\\here!


Hypertext links (URLs) are enclosed between [[ and ]]. The text displayed as the link is either the same as the URL itself if there is no | character, or it is what follows |. No markup is recognized in the URL part; what follows | can contain styled text and verbatim text. Spaces surrounding | are ignored.

* Simple link: [[https://calerga.com]]
* Link with link text: [[https://calerga.com | Calerga]]
* Link with styled link text: [[https://calerga.com | **Calerga**]]